Population Of Arunachal Pradesh | Arunachal Pradesh Population 2019:- Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of India. Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.
A major part of Arunachal Pradesh is claimed by the Republic of China, and the People’s Republic of China refers to it as “South Tibet”. During the 1962 Sino-Indian war, Chinese army temporarily crossed the McMahon line, the borderline between Arunachal Pradesh and China.
Geographically, Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of the Seven Sister States of Northeast India. Population Of Sikkim
Population Of Arunachal Pradesh
To know the figure of the population of Arunachal Pradesh in 2019, we have to get the Arunachal Pradesh population data of the last 5 years. They are as follows:
- 2014 – 1.42 Million
- 2015 – 1.49 Million
- 2016 – 1.57 Million
- 2017 – 1.633 Million
- 2018 – 1.683 Million
- Arunachal Pradesh Population 2019 –1.736 Million. (estimated).
By looking at the population of Arunachal Pradesh from 2014-18; you can see an increase of 0.2636 Million in the past 5 years. Therefore, each year it has been noticed that the Arunachal Pradesh population increases by around 0.05272 Million. Hence, the population of Arunachal Pradesh in 2019 is expected to be 1.7363 Million. So, the population of Arunachal Pradesh in 2019 as per estimated data = 1.7363 Million.
Arunachal Pradesh Population 2019 –1.736 Million. (estimated).
Population Density and Growth of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh recorded the lowest population density of 17 people per square kilometre when compared to other states in India. Most of the people live in the low-lying valleys, with the people from the hill living in scattered upland communities.
The total population growth of Arunachal Pradesh in this decade is 26.03 per cent while in previous decade it was 26.21 per cent. Arunachal Pradesh has seen tremendous changes since last two decades and has made commendable progress.
Demographics of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh has a total population of roughly 1.73 million (as of 2019). Very Much of Arunachal Pradesh is forested. The “indigenous groups” account for about two-thirds of Arunachal Pradesh population, while immigrants, mostly of Bengali/Hindi belt origin, account for a third.
Religion in Arunachal Pradesh
Big percentage of Arunachal’s people are nature worshippers, and follow their own distinct traditional institutions like the Nyedar Namlo by the Nyishi, the Rangfrah by the Tangsa & Nocte, Medar Melo by the Apatani, the Kargu Gamgi by the Galo and Donyi-Polo Dere by the Adi under the umbrella of the indigenous religion the Donyi-Polo. A small number of Arunachal Pradesh people have traditionally identified as Hindus, although the number may grow as animist traditions. Around 30% of the Arunachal Pradesh population are followers of the Christian faith.
According to the 2011 Indian Census, the religions in Arunachal Pradesh are:
- Christian: 30.26%
- Hindu: 29.04%
- Others (mostly Donyi-Polo): 26.2%
- Buddhist: 11.76%
- Muslim: 1.9%
- Sikh: 0.1%
- Jain: <0.1%
Out of the 101 recognised tribes in Arunachal Pradesh, 37 have an animist majority (Nyishi, Galo, Tagin, Adi Minyong, Adi, Apatani.etc.), 23 have a Christian majority (Wancho, Mossang Tangsa, Bori, Lisu or Yobin.etc.), 15 have a Hindu majority (Mishmi, Mishing/Miri, Deori, Aka, Longchang Tangsa.etc.) and 17 have a Buddhist majority (Monpa, Khampti, Tawang Monpa, Momba, Singpho, Sherdukpen.etc.). The remaining eight tribes are multi-faith, i.e., they do not have a dominant religion (Nocte, Tangsa, Naga.etc.).
Languages in Arunachal Pradesh
Modern-day Arunachal Pradesh is one of the linguistically richest and most diverse regions in all of Asia, being home to at least 30 and possibly as many as 50 distinct languages in addition to innumerable dialects and subdialects thereof.
The Indo-European languages Assamese, Bengali, English, Nepali and especially Hindi are making strong inroads into Arunachal Pradesh. Primarily as a result of the primary education system—in which classes are generally taught by Hindi-speaking immigrant teachers from Bihar and other Hindi-speaking parts of northern India, a large and growing section of the Arunachal Pradesh population now speaks a semi-creolized variety of Hindi as a mother tongue. Hindi acts as a lingua franca for most of the people in Arunachal Pradesh. English is the only official language recognised in Arunachal Pradesh.
Languages of Arunachal Pradesh (According To 2001 census)
- Nyishi (18.94%)
- Adi (17.57%)
- Bengali (8.8%)
- Nepali (8.5%)
- Hindi (7.3%)
- Assamese (4.6%)
- Monpa (5.1%)
- Wancho (4.3%)
- Tangsa (3.1%)
- Mishmi (3.1%)
- Mishing (3.0%)
- Nocte (2.9%)
- Other (11.5%)
The economy of Arunachal Pradesh
The chart below displays the trend of the GSDP (gross state domestic product) of Arunachal Pradesh at market prices by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in billions of Indian Rupees.
|Year||Gross Domestic Product (Billion INR)|
Agriculture primarily drives the Arunachal Pradesh’s economy. Jhum, the local term used for shifting cultivation is being mainly practised among the tribal groups, though owing to the gradual growth of other sources of income in the recent years, it is not being practised as prominently as it was earlier. Arunachal Pradesh has close to 61,000 sq km of forests, and forest products are the next most significant sector of the economy. Among the crops grown in Arunachal Pradesh are rice, maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, and oilseeds. Arunachal Pradesh’s major industries are rice mills, fruit preservation and processing units, and handloom handicrafts.
Arunachal Pradesh has a large percentage share of India’s untapped hydroelectric potential. In 2008, the govt of AP signed memorandum of understandings(MOU) with various companies planning some 42 hydroelectric schemes that will produce electricity in excess of 27,000 MW.
Geography Of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is located between 26.28° N and 29.30° N latitude and 91.20° E and 97.30° E longitude. Arunachal Pradesh has an area of 83,743 km2 (32,333 sq mi) The topography rapidly rises to 7000 m at its highest peak. Some of the major rivers in Arunachal Pradesh are Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Dibang, Lohit and Noa-Dihing rivers.
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