Population Of Assam | Assam Population 2019

Population Of Assam | Assam Population 2019:- Assam is in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 30,285 sq mi. Assam is surrounded by Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 km strip of land that connects Assam to the rest of India. Population Of Guwahati


Population Of Assam:

To know the accurate figure in terms of the population of Assam 2019, we have to get the population data for the last 5 years. They are as follows:

  • 2014 – 32.28 Million
  • 2015 – 33.41 Million
  • 2016 – 33.90 Million
  • 2017 – 34.492 Million
  • 2018 – 35.018 Million
  • Assam Population 2019 –35.566 Million. (Estimated)

By looking at the population figures of Assam from 2014-18; you can see an increase of 2.7384 Million in the past 5 years. Therefore, each year it has been noticed that the Assam population increases by around 0.54768 Million. Hence, the population of Assam in 2019 is expected to be 35.566 Million. So, the Assam population in 2019 as per estimated data = 35.566 Million.

Assam Population 2019 –35.566 Million. (estimated).

Population Of Assam | Assam Population 2019


Population Density And Growth Of Assam:

The population density of Assam is 497 persons per sq km. The growth of Assam in this decade according to the census data is 17.07 percent while in previous decade it was 18.85 percent. The population of Assam composes 2.58 % of India in 2011 as compared to 2.59% in 2001. Yet again; the female population outperformed that of the males in the state. Growth in education rate among females came as a pleasant shock.



Assam Population

The total resident of Assam was 26.66 million with 4.91 million households in 2001. The population of Assam was estimated at 28.67 million in 2006 and at 30.57 million in 2011 and is expected to reach 34.18  million by 2021 and 35.60 million by 2026.

The total population of Assam has increased from 26,638,407 to 31,169,272 in the last ten years with a growth rate of 16.93%.

In 2011, the literacy rate in Assam was 73.18%. The male literacy rate in Assam was 78.81% and the female literacy rate was 67.27%. The growth in the western and southern districts of Assam was high primarily due to the influx of people from East Pakistan, now Bangladesh.


Religions in Assam

According to the 2011 census, 61.47% Population were Hindus, 34.22% Population were Muslims. Christian minorities (3.7%) are found among the ST population.  The ST (Scheduled Tribe) population in Assam is around 13%, of which Bodos account for 40%. Other religions followed include Jainism (0.1%), Buddhism (0.2%), Sikhism (0.1%), and Animism (amongst Khamti, Phake, Aiton etc. communities).

Religion in Assam (2011)

  •   Hinduism (61.47%)
  •   Islam (34.22%)
  •   Christianity (3.74%)
  •   Buddhism (0.18%)
  •   Jainism (0.08%)
  •   Sikhism (0.07%)
  •   Animism (0.09%)
  •   Other or not religious (0.16%)


Languages in Assam

Assamese and Bodo are the major indigenous and official languages while Bengali is the official language in the three districts in the Barak Valley where Sylheti is the most spoken indigenous language. Bengali is the 2nd most widely spoken language in Assam, although a significant portion of those who are recorded speaking Bengali in the census do not actually speak Bengali, instead speak closely related languages normally treated as dialects of Bengali, like Rangpuri & Sylheti.

According to the census of 2011 in Assam, out of a total people of around 31 million, Assamese is spoken by around half that number: 15 million. The various Bengali dialects and closely related languages are spoken by around 9 million population in Assam, and the portion of the population that speaks these languages has grown slightly. Bodo is still the 3rd most-spoken language

Languages of Assam (2011)

  •   Assamese (48.38%)
  •   Bengali (28.92%)
  •   Hindi (6.73%)
  •   Bodo (4.54%)
  •   Sadri (2.29%)
  •   Mishing (1.98%)
  •   Nepali (1.91%)
  •   Karbi (1.64%)
  •   Kuki (0.11%)
  •   Punjabi (0.39%)
  •   Lalung (0.5%)
  •   Rabha (0.09%)
  •   others (2.52%)


Geography of Assam

Urban Centres in Assam include Guwahati, one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world. Guwahati is the gateway to North-East India. Silchar, (in the Barak valley) the 2nd most populous city in Assam and an important center of business. Other large cities include Dibrugarh, an oil and natural gas industry center.

Assam has petroleum, coal, natural gas, limestone and other minor minerals such as magnetic quartzite, kaolin, sillimanites, clay, and feldspar.


Economy of Assam

The Economy of Assam is largely agriculture-based with 69% of the Assam population engaged in it. Assam’s economy is based on agriculture and oil. Assam produces more than half of India’s tea. The Assam-Arakan basin holds about a quarter of India’s oil reserves and produces about 12% of its total petroleum.


Assam tea

Assam tea is a black tea named after the Assam region of its production. Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis. The same tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is also traditionally used in Yunnan province in China. Assam tea is mostly grown at or near sea level and is known for its body, briskness, malty flavor, and strong, bright color.

Assam is the world’s largest tea-growing region. This part of India experiences high rapidity; during the monsoon period, as much as 10 to 12 inches (250–300 mm) of rain per day. Historically, Assam has been the 2nd commercial tea production region after southern China, the only 2 regions in the world with native tea plants.



Despite Assam’s rich natural resources, and supplying of up to 25% of India’s petroleum needs, Assam’s growth rate has not kept pace with that of India; the difference has increased rapidly since the 1970s.



Unemployment is one of the major problems of Assam which can be a reason to overpopulation and a faulty education system.

Reducing unemployed has been threatened by illegal immigration from Bangladesh. Immigrants compete with local workers for jobs at lower wages, particularly in domestics, construction, Rickshaw-pullers, and vegetable sellers. The govt has been identifying (via NRC) and deporting illegal immigrants. Continued immigration is exceeding deportation.



In Assam among all the productive sectors, agriculture makes the highest contribution to its domestic sectors, accounting for more than a third of Assam’s income and employs 69% of the workforce. Assam’s biggest contribution to the world is Assam tea. Assam’s agriculture is yet to experience modernization in a real sense.

Flood in Assam very much affects the farmers and the families dependent on agriculture because of large-scale damage of agricultural fields and crops by flood water.


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