Population Of Odisha | Odisha Population 2019:- Odisha is a state of India. Odisha Located in eastern India, Odisha is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has 485 kilometers of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. Odisha is the 9th largest Indian state by area and the 11th largest by population. Odisha is also the 3rd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. Odia is the official and most widely spoken language in Odisha, Odia is spoken by 60 million according to the 2016 Census. Population Of Tripura
Population Of Odisha In 2019:
As per the 2011 census of India, the population of Odisha is 41,947,358, of which 21,201,678 are male and 20,745,680 are female. Talking about the population of Odisha, in order to check out the Odisha population in 2019, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. They are as per the following:
- 2014 – 43.7 Million
- 2015 – 44.3 Million
- 2016 – 44.9 Million
- 2017 – 45.34 Million
- 2018 – 45.78 Million
- Odisha Population 2019 – 46.27 Million. (estimated).
Predicting the 2019 population of Odisha is not easy but we can get the idea after analyzing the population from the year 2014 – 18. As we have seen that every year the Odisha population increases by approximate 0.44 Million people. Hence, the population of Odisha in 2019 is forecast to be 46.27 Million. So, the population of Odisha in the year 2019 as per estimated data is 46.27 Million.
Odisha Population 2019 – 46.27 Million (Estimated).
Demographics Of Odisha
According to the 2019 census of India, the total population of Odisha is 46.27 million, of which 50.54% are male and 49.46% are female or 978 females per 1000 males. The population density of Odisha is 269 per km2.
The ethnic group in Odisha is the Odia people, and Odia is the official language of Odisha; Odia is spoken as a native language by 81.8% of the population. Other minority languages of Odisha are Hindi, Telugu, Santali, Kui, Urdu, Bengali, and Ho. Some of the important tribes in Odisha are Ho, Santhal, Bonda, Munda, Oraon, Kandha, Mahali, and Kora.
According to the 2011 census The literacy rate of Odisha is 73%, with 82% of males and 64% of females being literate.
Data of 1996–2001 showed the life expectancy in Odisha was 61.64 years, higher than the national value of years. Odisha has a birth rate of 23.2 per 1,000 people per year, a death rate of 9.1 per 1,000 people per year. Odisha has an HDI (Human Development Index) of 0.442 as of 2011.
Religion in Odisha
The majority (over 94%) of people in Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state. Odisha is home to several Hindu Temples.
Christians in Odisha about 2.8% of the population while Odia Muslims 2.2% as per census figures of 2001. The Sikh, Buddhist and Jain communities together account for 0.1% of the population of Odisha.
Religion in Odisha (According to 2011 census)
- Hinduism (93.63%)
- Christianity (2.76%)
- Islam (2.17%)
- Sarnaism (1.14%)
- Sikhism (1.05%)
- Buddhism (0.03%)
- Jainism (0.02%)
Population Density and Growth of Odisha
269 persons per sq kilometer are the population density of Odisha. The population of Odisha was around 3.68 Crore in the year 2001, and it is increased by 13.97% in the census of the year 2011. The population of Odisha is estimated to be growing at the rate of 1.4% per year.
There is a drastic increase in the Christian population in Odisha as per the data of the census.
Geography of Odisha
Odisha has an area of 155,707 km2, which is 4.87% of the total area of India, and a coastline of 450 km. In the eastern part of Odisha lies the coastal plain. The plains of Odisha are rich in fertile silt deposited by the six major rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Baitarani, Brahmani, Mahanadi, and Rushikulya. Three-quarters of Odisha is covered in mountain ranges.
Odisha experiences four meteorological seasons: winter (Jan to Feb), pre-monsoon season (March to May), south-west monsoon season (June to Sept) and northeast monsoon season (Octr–Dec). However, locally the year is divided into six traditional seasons: Basanta (spring), Grishma (summer), Barsha (rainy season), Sharad (autumn), Hemant (winter), and Sisira(cool season)
Almost one-third of Odisha is covered by forests which make up about 37.34% of the total land area of Odisha.
The capital of Odisha is Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar is famous for its magnificent temples, numbering around a thousand. Berhampur is the 3rd largest city of Odisha and the major trade center of Odisha. Puri is a holy city and the site of the annual festival of the god Jagannath. It is one of the 4 dhams of Hinduism. The world-famous festival rath yatra is celebrated in Puri. Sambalpur is the 4th largest city of Odisha and the heart of Western Odisha’s Art, Literature and folk. Along with Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Rourkela, Balasore, Puri and Brahmapur, Jeypore is one of the famous places of Odisha. Jeypore pronounced in Odia as Joypur means “the city of victory”.
Economy of Odisha
The economy of Odisha is one of the fastest growing economies in India. According to the 2014-15 economic survey, Odisha’s GSDP (gross state domestic product) was expected to grow at 8.78%. Odisha has an agriculture-based economy which is in the transition towards industry and service-based economy. According to recent estimates, the size of Odisha’s economy has increased by 22.27 percent during the last 6 years in terms of the gross state domestic product (GSDP). Thereby, Odisha achieved an annual average growth rate of 6.23 percent during that period. Odisha is also one of the top FDI states in India. In the fiscal year 2011-12, Odisha received investment proposals worth US$9.296 billion). According to the Reserve Bank of India, It received US$8.33 billion worth of new FDI commitments in the 2012-13 fiscal year.
In 2013-14, the GSDP(gross state domestic product) growth rate dropped to 2.21%. This slow down was attributed to the Phailin cyclone, which caused a negative growth of 9.78% in the agricultural sector and also affected several other sectors in Odisha. According to the Census 2011, Odisha has a working population of 17,541,589, among them 61% are main workers and rest are marginal workers. 33.9% of the total working female population are the main workers. Odisha had a rural unemployment rate of 8.7% and an urban unemployment rate 5.8% based on 68th National Sample Survey (2011-2012). The per capita income of Odisha was US$1,531 in 2013-14. Odisha has a public debt of US$6.34 billion, at the end of 2013-14.
In 2012-13, US$19.66 million) worth of foreign aid was received by NGOs in Odisha.
|Year||GSDP (in crore INR)|
According to the Census 2011, 61.8% of the working population of Odisha is on agricultural activities. However, the agricultural’s contribution to the GSDP(gross state domestic product) was 16.3% in the fiscal year 2013-14 and it was estimated to be 15.4% in 2014-15. Rice is the main crop in Odisha. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice in 2013-14, a drop from 10,210 metric tonnes due to the Phailin cyclone.
During 2013-14, Odisha exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and INR 1,800 crore worth of seafood. In 2014-15, the value of exports rose by 26% to INR 2,300 crore with 4.67 tonnes being exported. Odisha is the 4th largest shrimp producing state in India.
The main industries in Odisha are manufacturing; mining and quarrying; electricity, gas and water supply and construction. The industrial sector’s contribution to the state’s GSDP(gross state domestic product) was estimated at 33.45% in 2014-15. Most of Odisha’s industries are mineral-based. Odisha has 25% of India’s iron reserves. Odisha has 10% of India’s production capacity in steel. Odisha is the main aluminum producing state in India. Mining contributed an estimated 6.31% to the GSDP(gross state domestic product).
The service sector contributed an estimated 51% to the GSDP(gross state domestic product) in 2014-15. The main sub-sectors are community, social and personal services, which contributed 13.45% to the GSDP; trade, hotels, and restaurants, which contributed 13.09%; financial and insurance services, which contributed 13.64%; and transport, storage, and communication, which contributed 10.99%.
Despite continuing rapid industrialization and absorption of the urban educated population into the service sector, poverty remains high in the state. The RBI, in a 2013 report said 32.59 % of the population of Odisha live below the poverty line.
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